Being one of the best fertility center in Nepal, it’s our responsibility to talk about the causes, effect, treatment and post-treatment action of infertility. Infertility is the ability of person, animal or plant to reproduce naturally. In Nepal, women are held account for not able to give birth in most of the cases. But that is not true. Male are equally or even more responsible for women not being pregnant.
Let’s talk about the women’s infertility. In a normal and natural menstruation cycle, an egg grows, develops, and matures to the point of release called ovulation and pushed down the fallopian tube. Normally only one egg is released at the time of ovulation. When the mature egg mixed with the sperm, fertilization (pregnancy) takes place. This process last for 12 to 16 days before next period (menstruation cycle) starts . Our body produces more amount of estrogen hormones as it approaches ovulation. This hormones help to generate a sperm friendly environment by thickening the lining of uterus. High estrogen hormone triggers Luteinising hormone, which causes the release of the mature egg from the ovary. If the egg is fertilized by sperm by 24 hours after ovulation, you will be pregnant , otherwise, next menstrual cycle begins again.
Ovulation problem occurs when mature eggs are not released by ovaries or when ovaries don’t make mature eggs. This process depends on many factors one of it being, the hormones. Other factor are stress, illness or disruption of normal routines. One of the process to get a healthy egg is by hormones medication, called ovulation induction. Patients are treated with fertility drugs to increase the chances of ovulation, resulting in fertility. Fertility drug stimulate inactive or under-producing ovaries to produce mature egg. Ovulation induction medication are used to help women who do not normally ovulate healthy egg or who ovulate but the number and quality of the egg produced are not sufficient for pregnancy.
30-40 percent of women under the ovulation induction become pregnant by the third treatment cycle. The women can also conceive twins or even more kids if they wants to through this process.
Fertility drug can cause mood swings and can increase the chance of multiple pregnancy (twins, triplet or more). Superovulation (i.e. creating more than one more mature egg for fertilization) can create a risk of hyperstimulation i.e. due to enlarged ovary.
Clomiphene Citrate, Follicle Stimulating Hormone, Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, Human Menopausal Gonadotropic, etc.